Stress affects our kidneys too!
Dealing with every day stress has pushed stress and hypertension to the forefront of our fast paced lives. Despite efforts to maintain appropriate work-life balance, stress and hypertension still make their way into our life and our mental equilibrium gets imbalanced. This World Health Day, WHO has taken up the cause of creating awareness on hypertension and its related disorders.
We are well aware of how high blood pressure can negatively impact our mental equilibrium and lead to several medical conditions. However, very few people are aware of the adverse impact high BP can have on our kidneys or the fact that the condition can even prove to be fatal if not treated in time.
Renal damage caused by high blood pressure in medical parlance is known as ‘Hypertensive Nephropathy’, ‘Hypertensive Nephrosclerosis’ or simply hypertensive renal disease. A patient develops this medical condition when persistent high blood pressure leads to extra pressure on the kidneys. Hyaline, a translucent substance, accumulates in the small arteries inside the organ, thus thickening the walls of the arteries and ultimately leads to blockage-induced medical conditions. .
As this condition develops over a span of 5-10 years wherein persistent high blood pressure is exerted, ‘Hypertensive Nephropathy’ is hard to detect in its initial stages. However, there are still some symptoms that a high blood pressure patient can watch out for—frequent urination during the night or a foamy urine and oedema.
Since the problems stem from an elevated blood pressure and other lifestyle issues, they can lead to other medical complications. Other medical complications that may arise due to hypertension are:
High blood pressure
While hypertension can lead to kidney disorders, kidney diseases in turn can become a cause for elevated blood pressure.
Low calcium and high phosphorus levels in the body can serve as primary causes of bone diseases in patients suffering from Hypertensive Nephropathy.
Heart and blood related complications
Decreased red blood cells count and increased incidence of heart attacks, heart failures or cerebrovascular strokes are some of the common complications of Hypertensive Nephropathy.
In an advanced case, the condition may even lead to renal failure wherein patients may require dialysis or a kidney transplant to sustain normal kidney functions.
So, what’s the precaution that one can take against this condition? Regulating the blood pressure is definitely the first! If one suffers from a persistent high blood pressure, medication is one of the easier options, depending on the severity of the case.
A healthy stress release mechanism that allows one to find the right work-life balance, regular exercise and reduced intake of salt, are some small lifestyle changes that one can introduce in their daily life.
Furthermore, quitting smoking, regulating alcohol intake goes a long way in ensuring holistic wellness of the mind & body.
– The writer is Dr. Manoj Arora, Nephrologist at Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh.
Should I get my fibroids taken out?
“I have fibroids doctor! Should I undergo surgery?” As a gynaecologist, this is one of my most frequently encountered questions. So what do I say- “I have them too!!” Yes, it’s not a lie. I have a fibroid the size of a grapefruit. And it’s been around for the better part of the last decade. read more
Know the top 11 Benefits of Antenatal Exercises
Exercise does wonders for you during pregnancy. It helps to prepare you for childbirth by strengthening your muscles and building endurance. Also exercise helps getting your body back in shape once the baby is born. Benefits of Antenatal Exercises: Exercise helps to relax you and make you feel better. It improves the circulation for mother and read more
Laparoscopy or open surgery? Which is best for me?
With growing advances in minimal access surgery as well as an increase in public awareness, one of the common questions patients scheduled for surgery ask me is whether they should go for laparoscopic surgery or open surgery. As their gynecologist, it is my duty to apprise them of the risks and benefits of each modality. read more
Thyroid Cancer – Lesser known entity
Thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland located in front of neck and produces thyroid hormones (T3, T4). Large numbers of patients in our country are suffering from thyroid problems. The purpose of this blog is to highlight various aspects of thyroid problems as well as cancerous growth in this gland, so that appropriate treatment can read more