Treat Your Allergies
our immune system produces substances known as antibodies. Some of these antibodies protect you from unwanted invaders that could make you sick or cause an infection. When your immune system comes into contact with an allergen, it can cause reaction like inflame your skin, sinuses, airways or digestive system causing an allergy.
You may be at an increased risk of developing an allergy if you have asthma, have a family history of asthma or allergies. Consequently, having an allergy increases your risk of certain other medical problems, including anaphylaxis, asthma, eczema, sinusitis and fungal complications of lungs.
Causes- Common allergy triggers include
• Airborne allergens,
such as pollen, animal dander, dust mites and mold
• Certain foods,
particularly peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, fish, shellfish, eggs and milk
• Insect stings,
such as bee stings or wasp stings
particularly penicillin or penicillin-based antibiotics
• Latex or other substances you touch,
which can cause allergic skin reactions
Allergic reactions can range from mild to severe from person to person. Symptoms depend on your particular allergy, and can involve airways, sinuses and nasal passages, skin, and digestive system. In some severe cases, allergies can trigger a life-threatening reaction in your body known as anaphylaxis.
Hay fever, also called allergic rhinitis, may cause:
• Itchy, runny nose
• Watery or swollen eyes (conjunctivitis)
An eczema, may cause:
• Itchy skin
• Red skin
• Flaking or peeling skin
A food allergy may cause:
• Tingling mouth
• Swelling of the lips, tongue, face or throat
An insect sting allergy may cause:
• A large area of swelling (edema)
• Itching or hives all over your body
• Cough, wheezing or shortness of breath
A drug allergy may cause:
• Itchy skin
• Facial swelling
When to see a doctor
You may want to see a doctor if you have symptoms you think may be caused by an allergy. If you have symptoms after starting a new medication, call the doctor who prescribed it.
Tests and diagnosis
To evaluate an allergy, your doctor may ask about symptoms, perform a physical exam and have you keep a detailed diary of symptoms and possible triggers. He may also recommend one or both of the following tests:
I. Skin test.
In this test, your skin is pricked and exposed to small amounts of the proteins found in your potential allergen. If you’re allergic, you’ll likely develop a raised bump (hive) at the test location on your skin.
II. Blood test.
A blood test called the Radio Allergo Sorbent Test (RAST) can measure your immune system’s response to a specific allergen by measuring the amount of allergy-causing antibodies in your bloodstream.
Preventing allergic reactions depends on the type of allergy you have. General measures include keeping a track of your allergic triggers and symptoms, your daily habits, when do they occur, etc. This may help identify triggers and the best steps to prevent and treat them.
RISING AIR POLLUTION: TIME TO BE CAREFUL
Air pollution is associated with increased development of respiratory, cardiac, eye and skin disorders. The most susceptible or vulnerable are those individuals who have existing lung diseases, children, elderly and pregnant women. Children spend more time outdoors and breathe more air compared to an adult as per body weight and are more likely to develop read more
Causes and Effects of Air Pollution
Air pollution threatens the health of humans and other living beings in our planet. It creates smog and acid rain, causes cancer and respiratory diseases. The adverse health effects of air pollution are well established and have been reported in research studies for over 30 years. However, multiple variables make pinning down exact health outcomes read more
Pollution: The main cause of childhood asthma
Childhood asthma is quite different from adult asthma in a number of ways. Children, if treated well, may get rid of asthma later in life. Vaccination is a very important part of disease management. As we know, asthma is a condition in which the patient has over–reactive (hyper-responsive) airways, which repeatedly go into congestion and read more