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Hospital for Enlarged Liver Treatment in India

An enlarged liver is one that's bigger than normal. The liver is a large, football-shaped organ found in the upper right portion of your abdomen. The medical term for enlarged liver is hepatomegaly (hep-uh-to-MEG-uh-le).

Enlarged liver isn't a disease. It's a sign of an underlying problem, such as liver disease, congestive heart failure or cancer.

Treatment for enlarged liver involves identifying and controlling the underlying cause of the condition.

Symptoms Causes Risk factors Prevention

An enlarged liver may not cause any symptoms.

When enlarged liver occurs because of liver disease, it may be accompanied by:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes (jaundice)

When to see a doctor

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any symptoms that worry you.

Many diseases and conditions can cause an enlarged liver, including:

Liver diseases

  • Cirrhosis
  • Hepatitis caused by a virus — including hepatitis A, B and C — or caused by infectious mononucleosis
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • A disorder that causes abnormal protein to accumulate in your liver (amyloidosis)
  • A disorder that causes copper to accumulate in your liver (Wilson's disease)
  • A disorder that causes iron to accumulate in your liver (hemachromatosis)
  • A disorder that causes fatty substances to accumulate in your liver (Gaucher's disease)
  • Fluid-filled pockets in the liver (liver cysts)
  • Noncancerous liver tumors, including hemangioma and adenoma
  • Obstruction of the gallbladder or bile ducts
  • Toxic hepatitis

Cancers

  • Cancer that begins in another part of the body and spreads to the liver
  • Leukemia
  • Liver cancer
  • Lymphoma

Heart and blood vessel problems

  • Blockage of the veins that drain the liver (Budd-Chiari syndrome)
  • Heart failure
  • Inflammation of the tissue surrounding the heart (pericarditis)

You are more likely to experience enlarged liver if you have a liver disease. Factors that may increase your risk of liver problems include:

  • Excessive alcohol use. Drinking large amounts of alcohol can be damaging to your liver.
  • Large doses of medicines, vitamins or supplements. Taking larger than recommended doses of vitamins, supplements, or over-the-counter or prescription medicines may increase your risk of liver damage.
  • Herbal supplements. Certain supplements, including black cohosh, ma huang and mistletoe, can increase your risk of liver damage.
  • Infections. Infectious diseases that can increase your risk of liver damage include malaria and Q fever.
  • Hepatitis viruses. Hepatitis A, B and C can cause liver damage.
  • Poor eating habits. Being overweight increases your risk of liver disease, as does eating unhealthy foods, such as those with excess fat.

To reduce your risk of liver disease, you can:

  • Choose a healthy diet. Choose a diet full of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  • Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all. Check with your doctor to find out what's the right amount of alcohol for you, if any.
  • Follow directions when taking medications, vitamins or supplements. Limit yourself to the recommended doses when taking vitamins, supplements, and over-the-counter or prescription medications.
  • Limit contact with chemicals. Use aerosol cleaners, insecticides and other toxic chemicals only in well-ventilated areas. In addition, wear gloves, long sleeves and a mask.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. If your weight is healthy, work to maintain it. If you need to lose weight, cut back on the number of calories you eat each day and increase the amount of daily exercise. Ask your doctor about healthy ways to lose weight.
  • Quit smoking. If you smoke, quit. Ask your doctor about strategies to help you quit. If you don't smoke, don't start.
  • Use supplements with caution. Talk with your doctor about the risks and benefits of herbal supplements before you take them. Some alternative medicine treatments can be harmful to your liver, including black cohosh, certain Chinese herbs including ma huang, chaparral, comfrey, germander, greater celandine, kava, mistletoe, pennyroyal, skullcap and valerian.
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