Hormone therapy for prostate cancer

Hormone therapy for prostate cancer is treatment to stop the male hormone testosterone from reaching the prostate cancer cells in your body. Hormone therapy for prostate cancer is also called androgen deprivation therapy.

Most prostate cancer cells rely on testosterone to help them grow. Hormone therapy for prostate cancer cuts off the supply of testosterone or stops testosterone from reaching the cancer cells, causing cancer cells to die or to grow more slowly.

Hormone therapy for prostate cancer may involve medications, or it can involve surgery to remove the testicles.


Why it's done Risks How you prepare What you can expect Results

Hormone therapy for prostate cancer is used to stop your body from producing the male hormone testosterone, which fuels the growth of prostate cancer cells.

Your doctor may recommend hormone therapy for prostate cancer as an option at different times during your cancer treatment and for different reasons, such as:

  • In advanced (metastatic) prostate cancer, hormone therapy can shrink the cancer and slow the growth of tumors, relieving signs and symptoms.
  • In prostate cancer that recurs after treatment, hormone therapy is one treatment men and their doctors can consider.
  • In locally advanced prostate cancer, hormone therapy may make external beam radiation therapy more effective.
  • In men with a high risk of recurrence after initial treatment, hormone therapy may reduce this risk.
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