IMPORTANT NOTICE: At Fortis Healthcare, we are fully supportive of the National priorities set out by the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. Further to the directives of the Government provided in their press release dated 8th Nov 2016, payments at Government hospitals can be made through 500 and 1000 Rupee denomination notes. In view of the hardship being caused to the large number of patients at private hospitals, we have made an urgent representation to the Government that this exemption should apply equally, for payments, at private hospitals. We are following up with the authorities and hope the Government will step in quickly to resolve this anomaly. Meanwhile, at Fortis hospitals across the country, we continue to accept payments through credit card, debit card and electronic banking transfers. As 500 and 1000 Rupee denomination notes are no longer legal tender we are only accepting 100 Rs and lower currency notes. As per Government regulation, a PAN card and legitimate ID proof is however required for payments in cash exceeding Rs 50,000. Meanwhile we continue to ensure that emergency cases get immediate medical attention without delay whatsoever and have put in more administrative staff and help desks to assist patients.

Quad screen

The quad screen — also known as the quadruple marker test or simply the quad test — is a prenatal test that measures levels of four substances in a pregnant woman's blood:

  • Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), a protein made by the developing baby
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone made by the placenta
  • Estriol, a hormone made by the placenta and the baby's liver
  • Inhibin A, another hormone made by the placenta

Typically, the quad screen is done between weeks 15 and 20 of pregnancy — the second trimester.

Results of the quad screen indicate your risk of carrying a baby who has certain chromosomal conditions, such as Down syndrome. The alpha-fetoprotein part of the test can help detect neural tube defects, such as spina bifida.

If your risk level is low, the quad screen can offer reassurance of a healthy pregnancy.

If your risk level is moderate or high, you might choose to follow the quad screen with another test that's more definitive.

Why it's done Risks How you prepare What you can expect Results

The quad screen is done to evaluate your risk of carrying a baby who has any of the following conditions:

  • Down syndrome (trisomy 21). Down syndrome is a genetic condition that causes lifelong impairments in mental and social development, as well as various physical concerns.
  • Edwards syndrome (trisomy 18). Edwards syndrome is a genetic condition that causes severe developmental delays. Edwards syndrome is often fatal by age 1.
  • Spina bifida. Spina bifida is a serious birth defect that occurs when the tissue surrounding a baby's developing spinal cord doesn't close properly. Spina bifida can lead to severe physical and mental disabilities.
  • Anencephaly. Anencephaly is an underdeveloped brain and an incomplete skull. A baby born with anencephaly might be stillborn or survive only a few hours to days after birth.

Depending on the timing, your health care provider might recommend other prenatal screening tests — such as first trimester screening, which involves a blood test and an ultrasound exam — in addition to the quad screen or in place of the quad screen.

Remember, the quad screen is optional. Test results only indicate whether you have an increased risk of carrying a baby who has Down syndrome, for example, not whether your baby actually has the condition.

Before the screening, think about what the results mean to you. Consider whether the screening will be worth any anxiety it might cause, or whether you'll handle your pregnancy differently depending on the results.

You might also consider what level of risk would be enough for you to choose a more invasive follow-up test.

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