Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a type of prostate surgery done to relieve moderate to severe urinary symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate, a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

During TURP, a combined visual and surgical instrument (resectoscope) is inserted through the tip of your penis and into the tube that carries urine from your bladder (urethra). The urethra is surrounded by the prostate. Using the resectoscope, your doctor trims away excess prostate tissue that's blocking urine flow and increases the size of the channel that allows you to empty your bladder.

TURP is one of the most effective options for treating urinary symptoms caused by BPH. To determine whether TURP or another treatment is the right choice for you, your doctor will consider how severe your symptoms are, what other health problems you have, and the size and shape of your prostate.


Why it's done Risks How you prepare What you can expect Results

TURP helps reduce urinary symptoms caused by BPH.

Urinary symptoms caused by BPH can include:

  • Frequent, urgent need to urinate
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Slow (prolonged) urination
  • Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
  • Stopping and starting again while urinating
  • The feeling you can't completely empty your bladder
  • Urinary tract infections
  • The inability to urinate

TURP may also be done to treat or prevent complications due to blocked urine flow, such as:

  • Recurring urinary tract infections
  • Bladder or kidney damage
  • Inability to control urination (incontinence)
  • Bladder stones
  • Recurring blood in your urine

Although a number of procedures are available to treat BPH, TURP is the most commonly performed procedure. TURP is associated with specific risks and complications that should be discussed with your physician.

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