Who is Hypertensive?
A person who has blood pressure of more than 140/90 mmHg on two or more occasions in a period of four weeks, is classified as hypertensive and requires treatment.
What causes Hypertension?
Most hypertensive patients have essential hypertension, where the exact cause is unknown. Less than 5% patients have secondary hypertension, where the cause can be established.
What are the risk factors?
Hypertension increases the risk for cardiovascular diseases and stroke. If someone is a known hypertensive and doesn’t take medicines regularly, it may lead to organ damage of eye, kidney, heart and brain.
How can hypertension be managed during COVID-19?
During this pandemic, it is imperative to keep blood pressure under control as hypertension has emerged as one of the biggest risk factors of mortality in hospitalised patients of COVID-19.
All hypertensive patients should practise diet control, exercise, yoga, meditation etc, along with taking their medicines regularly.
Note: There was an initial controversy about drugs like Aceor ARB inhibitors (Ramipril, Lisnopril, Telmesartan, Olmesartan etc) causing mortality in patients suffering from COVID-19. However, it has been established that they do not increase mortality and should not be discontinued even if the patient is suffering from COVID-19.
Dr Ajay Aggarwal
Director – Internal Medicine
Fortis Hospital Noida