Is Stone disease on a rise in Teens?
Kidney stone are commonly encountered. However a recent increased incidence amongst teens has been noted in clinical practice. What can be the possible reasons?
- Dehydration: Most of the urban teens are getting used to indoor activities and an air-conditioned environment. Moreover with so many activities at hand, drinking sufficient water probably becomes an afterthought and seems to slip their mind! This may lead to reduced thirst stimulus and reduced fluid intake, which causes urine produced to be more concentrated. This increases the crystal formation in urine, leading to stone formation. Water and fresh fruit juices are more effective in hydration than soda, milk and tea/coffee.
- Unhealthy food habits: A high sugar and salt diet are known risk factors for increased kidney stone formation. Sugary drinks, sports drinks and caffeinated drinks are commonly consumed by teens!
A diet high in salt as found in potato chips, French fries and fast foods are also a risk factor for stones.
- Obesity: India is already the third most obese country in the world with studies show that prevalence of obesity is on the rise in urban India, with more than 15 million children estimated to be overweight! Obesity is a known risk factor not only for kidney stone but also Diabetes and high Blood Pressure
A healthy lifestyle must be encouraged right from childhood not only to reduce incidence of kidney stones but overall health!
Here are some reasons why people develop kidney stones:
– Dehydration. Not drinking enough fluids can cause urine to become extra-concentrated. This increases the chance of crystals forming.
– An unhealthy diet and lifestyle. Drinking sugary, caffeinated, or sports drinks and eating a diet high in sodium (salt) can increase the risk of calcium stones. Obesity also can make someone more likely to get them.