Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is an exercise-induced muscle and nerve condition that causes pain, swelling and sometimes even disability in affected muscles of your legs or arms.
Anyone can develop chronic exertional compartment syndrome, but it's more common in athletes who participate in sports that involve repetitive impact exercise, such as running and fast walking. Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is sometimes called chronic compartment syndrome or exercise-induced compartment syndrome.
If conservative treatment doesn't help with chronic exertional compartment syndrome, your doctor may recommend surgery. Surgery is successful for many people, allowing you — whether you're a recreational or serious athlete — to return to your sport.