Key Medical Procedures & Tests - Top Hospitals In India - Top Hospitals In Chhattisgarh | Fortis Healthcare

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CT coronary angiogram is an effective imaging test used to identify the plaque depositions in the arteries associated with the heart. This imaging test does not use any type of catheter insertion to the heart. Instead, the CT coronary angiogram uses the powerful X-ray equipment to produce pictures of the blood vessels and the heart. This technique is very safe and noninvasive, and hence, it does not require any recovery time. CT coronary angiogram is a very effective way to identify various heart problems at an early stage. This technique is useful, especially, to diagnose atherosclerosis, even before any symptoms are observed.

The coronary angiogram and CT coronary angiogram, both expose the patient to some radiations. However, if a patient has a coronary artery disorder, then coronary angiogram is the better technique to go with. If needed, the doctor may also perform an angioplasty during the coronary angiogram test to avoid an additional procedure.

Cardiac catheterization is a procedure used to diagnose and treat cardiovascular conditions. During cardiac catheterization, a long thin tube called a catheter is inserted in an artery or vein in your groin, neck or arm and threaded through your blood vessels to your heart. Using this catheter, doctors can then do diagnostic tests as part of a cardiac catheterization. Some heart disease treatments, such as coronary angioplasty, also are done using cardiac catheterization.

Usually, you'll be awake during cardiac catheterization, but given medications to help you relax. Recovery time for a cardiac catheterization is quick, and there's a low risk of complications.

Carotid angioplasty (kuh-ROT-id AN-jee-o-plas-tee) is a procedure that opens clogged arteries to prevent or treat stroke. The carotid arteries are located on each side of your neck and are the main arteries supplying blood to your brain. The procedure involves temporarily inserting and inflating a tiny balloon where your carotid artery is clogged to widen the artery.

Carotid angioplasty is often combined with the placement of a small metal coil called a stent in the clogged artery. The stent helps prop the artery open and decreases the chance of it narrowing again. Carotid angioplasty and stenting may be used when traditional carotid surgery isn't feasible or is too risky.

Coronary bypass surgery is a procedure that restores blood flow to your heart muscle by diverting the flow of blood around a section of a blocked artery in your heart. Coronary bypass surgery uses a healthy blood vessel taken from your leg, arm, chest or abdomen and connects it to the other arteries in your heart so that blood is bypassed around the diseased or blocked area. After a coronary bypass surgery, blood flow to your heart is improved. Coronary bypass surgery is just one option to treat heart disease.

Coronary bypass surgery improves symptoms, such as chest pain and shortness of breath due to poor blood flow to the heart. In some situations, coronary bypass surgery may improve your heart function and reduce your risk of dying of heart disease.

An echocardiogram is a type of ultrasound test which produces images of the heart valves and heart muscles. This test assists the doctor to examine the proper function of the heart by recording the heart beats. The images produced by the echocardiogram are live and can be further used to detect any heart abnormalities in the heart valves and muscles. Also, the quality of the pictures produced by this test is more enhanced than the X-ray. Echocardiogram also helps in recording the pumping of the heart. Echocardiogram or Echo, when used with Doppler ultrasound and color doppler assists in monitoring the blood flow carefully across the valves of the heart. An echocardiogram is a very safe and painless procedure as it does not exposes the patient to any kind of harmful radiations. Instead, it uses sound waves to create images of various structures of the heart with the help of a small probe called transducer.

An electrocardiogram is a noninvasive and safe procedure to monitor the electrical signals in the heart. Every time the heart beats, an electrical impulse moves through the heart. This electric impulse is generated by some special cells in the right upper heart chamber. Electrocardiogram, which is also known an EKG or ECG, helps to record the electrical impulse as they move through the heart. An electrocardiogram is advised, in order to help the doctor understand the irregularities in the rhythms or patterns of the heartbeat in a patient's heart. This further helps in detecting various abnormalities or heart problems. Electrocardiogram is a short and safe procedure and the patient can get the report on the same day, when the ECG procedure is performed. In this procedure, the electrodes or the test sensors are used to record the patterns of the heartbeat.

Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (ICDs) is a small pager-like device that prevents a patient from dying due to a heart attack. This device is implanted in the patient's chest and helps in detecting irregular heart rate. Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (ICDs) assists in decreasing the risk of cardiac arrest by detecting the abnormal functioning of the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles). Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (ICDs) is very important for patients with ventricular tachycardia i.e. very fast heart rate, arrhythmia i.e. irregular heart rate or improper supply of oxygen and blood from the heart to the rest of the body (ventricular fibrillation).

The main function of the Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (ICDs) is to diagnose and stop the abnormality or irregularity in the heart rhythms (arrhythmia). When needed, this device monitors the heartbeat continuously and delivers extra heartbeats or sometimes electrical shocks to maintain the normal heart rhythm again. Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators (ICDs) is different from a pacemaker. A pacemaker helps in detecting and treating less harmful situations of irregular heart rhythms, which occur in the atria or upper heart chambers.

A Pacemaker is a small, electronic device, which is battery-operated and placed under in the heart. The function of the pacemaker is to make the heart beat properly and regularly and at a normal rate. The pacemaker is put under the skin of the heart and assists in controlling the irregular heartbeat known as arrhythmia. The pacemaker sends electrical signals to the muscles of the heart to stimulate the ventricles (lower heart chambers) and maintain the heart rate. This device also helps in treating the following conditions:

  • Bradycardia i.e. too slow heartbeat, which may occur due to the normal aging, when the heart muscles start getting weak. This may further lead to a heart attack or some other major heart problems.
  • Tachycardia i.e. too fast heartbeat.

The problem of abnormal heart rate may arise due to some medications or because of certain other factors, however, the pacemaker can solve all these problems of abnormal heart rate even without knowing the exact cause. A pacemaker can be installed with minor surgery.


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