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ACL stands for Anterior cruciate ligament and ACL Reconstruction refers to a type of surgery to replace the important ligament i.e. the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the patient's knee. ACL injuries are the ones, which usually occur while playing sports especially the sports including quick direction changes, jumps, fast running and sudden stops e.g. volleyball, soccer, basketball, hockey, skiing, and football. ACL injuries happen when the ACL gets stretched and is resultantly teared off. ACL is an essential part of the knee as it helps in binding and keeping the knee stable. It is present between the tibia and the femur bones and prevents the slipping of the tibia. Its main function is to provide complete strength to the knee when the knee moves from one side to the other side. Damaging the ACL may result in discomfort or difficulty in playing sports, walking, jumping or running. Injury of ACL may take a lot of time to heal and requires continuous doctor consultations and physiotherapy. If the ACL damage is severe, the doctor will advise getting the ACL replaced through a surgical process especially in athletes and young people.

Hip replacement is a surgery performed to treat severe damage to the hips. During the Hip replacement surgery, the surgeon removes some damaged sections of the cartilage and bone in the hip and replaces it with metal or hard plastic parts. These replaced prosthesis or artificial joints help in decreasing the pain and enhancing the hip function. These artificial joints are fitted into the femur and pelvis, with or without the help of cement. Hip replacement is also known as hip arthroplasty. The doctors advise a hip replacement surgery if the hip interferes in the daily routine activities and if any conservative procedures have not been of much help. The most common reason for getting a hip replacement done is arthritis as arthritis causes pain, reduced motion and swelling in the joints. Hip replacement surgery helps in relieving such symptoms and improving the quality of life of the patient.

Knee replacement surgery — also known as knee arthroplasty (ARTH-row-plas-tee) — can help relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. During knee replacement, a surgeon cuts away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone and kneecap and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.

The first artificial knees were little more than crude hinges. Now, you and your doctor can choose from a wide variety of designs that take into account your age, weight, activity level and overall health. Most knee replacement joints attempt to replicate your knee's natural ability to roll and glide as it bends.


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