Key Medical Procedures & Tests - Top Hospitals In India - Top Hospitals In Chhattisgarh | Fortis Healthcare

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Cystoscopy is a procedure that allows the urologist to examine the inside of the bladder (where urine is stored) and the inside of the urethra (the tube that helps urine to flow out of the bladder). During this procedure, the urologist uses a hollow tube, named as cystoscope to see inside the patient’s urinary system especially the lining of the bladder and the tube (urethra). The cystoscope is equipped with an advanced lens and is inserted into the patient’s urethra and then slowly into the bladder. This procedure is mainly used to check any issues or problems inside the lower urinary tract and is specifically used to check the bladder lining problems. 
Sometimes, cystoscopy can be done to remove unwanted particle such as bladder stone from the bladder. This procedure may be used to take a biopsy or a sample tissue from the bladder lining to detect bladder cancer. Moreover, cystoscopy can also be used to place a catheter (thin drainage tube of urine). 

Nephrectomy (nuh-FREK-tuh-me) is a surgical procedure to remove all or part of a kidney:

  • Complete nephrectomy. During a complete (radical) nephrectomy, the surgeon removes the entire kidney.
  • Partial nephrectomy. In a partial nephrectomy, the surgeon removes diseased tissue from a kidney and leaves healthy tissue in place.

A nephrectomy is most often done to treat kidney cancer or to remove a seriously damaged or diseased kidney. The surgeon may perform the procedure through a single large incision in the abdomen or side (open nephrectomy) or through a series of small incisions in the abdomen (laparoscopic nephrectomy).

In a donor nephrectomy, the surgeon removes a healthy kidney for transplant into a person who needs a functioning kidney.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (nef-roe-lih-THOT-uh-me) is a procedure used to remove kidney stones from the body when they cannot pass on their own. This procedure uses small telescopes and instruments inserted through a small incision in your back to remove the kidney stones.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is used most often for larger stones or when other procedures, such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy or ureteroscopy, are unsuccessful or not possible.

Prostate laser surgery is used to relieve moderate to severe urinary symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate, a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

During prostate laser surgery, your doctor inserts a scope through the tip of your penis into the tube that carries urine from your bladder (urethra). The urethra is surrounded by the prostate. A laser is passed through the scope. The laser delivers energy that is used to shrink or to remove the excess tissue that is blocking the urethra and preventing urine flow.

All lasers use concentrated light to generate precise and intense heat. Laser surgery removes excess prostate tissue by:

  • Ablation. The laser melts away excess tissue.
  • Enucleation. The laser cuts away excess prostate tissue.

There are different types of prostate laser surgery, such as:

  • Photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP). A laser is used to melt away (vaporize) excess prostate tissue to enlarge the urinary channel.
  • Holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP). This is a similar procedure to PVP, except that a different type of laser is used to melt away (vaporize) the excess prostate tissue.
  • Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP). The laser is used to cut and remove the excess tissue that is blocking the urethra. Another instrument, called a morcellator, is then used to chop the prostate tissue into small pieces that are easily removed.

The type of laser surgery your doctor will perform depends on several factors, including the size of your prostate, your health, the type of laser equipment available and your doctor's training.

Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP) is a type of prostate surgery done to relieve moderate to severe urinary symptoms caused by prostate enlargement, a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

During TUIP, a combined visual and surgical instrument (resectoscope) is inserted through the tip of your penis and into the tube that carries urine from your bladder (urethra). The urethra is surrounded by prostate tissue. The doctor cuts one or two small grooves in the area where the prostate and the bladder are connected (bladder neck) in order to open up the urinary channel. This allows urine to pass through more easily.

TUIP is one of the options for treating urinary symptoms caused by BPH. To determine whether TUIP or another treatment is a good option for you, your doctor will consider how severe your symptoms are, what other health problems you have, and the size and shape of your prostate.

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a type of prostate surgery done to relieve moderate to severe urinary symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate, a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

During TURP, a combined visual and surgical instrument (resectoscope) is inserted through the tip of your penis and into the tube that carries urine from your bladder (urethra). The urethra is surrounded by the prostate. Using the resectoscope, your doctor trims away excess prostate tissue that's blocking urine flow and increases the size of the channel that allows you to empty your bladder.

TURP is one of the most effective options for treating urinary symptoms caused by BPH. To determine whether TURP or another treatment is the right choice for you, your doctor will consider how severe your symptoms are, what other health problems you have, and the size and shape of your prostate.

Vasectomy is a procedure that is performed for male birth control. This procedure is also known as ‘male sterilization’ or the “snip”. In this procedure, the supply of sperm to men’s semen is cut by cutting and sealing the tubes that carry sperm from the testes. Vasectomy is a very low risk procedure and can be performed in outpatient department with local anesthesia. This procedure is the better birth control option over other options for men. This process is simpler than female sterilization and is very cost effective.

Before getting into the procedure, the patients must be informed that he cannot become a father of a child in the future. After the procedure, it takes about three months for a man to produce sperm-free semen which means couples need to either abstain or use condom post vasectomy for 3months . It is estimated that around 15 out of 10,000 couples have a child after vasectomy.

Vasectomy is not meant to protect from any sexually transmitted diseases, and hence, a person should use condom to avoid such kind of diseases.

Nowadays, an advanced form of anesthetic process is used, during the Vasectomy procedure, wherein the scrotum is made numb and the patient feels less discomfort during the process.

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