A team of doctors performed successful endoscopic surgery on the 5-year-old premature baby to cure bony choanal atresia, a blockage in the nasal passage that restricts oxygen supply to the body. A team of doctors in Fortis escorts hospital; Jaipur performed the surgery on the baby boy at 33 weeks who had turned blue because of the lack of oxygen. Before the surgery took place, the baby had difficulty in breathing caused by the blockage and was on ventilator since birth. The child got discharged from the hospital just after 5 days of the surgery took place.
“Soon after the child was born, he can only able to breathe from the nose and cannot use his mouth for breathing, which is a medical term known as obligate nasal breathing. This is a critical case has dual challenges, one, the blockage was bony atresia which occurs in 30% of the children’s born with choanal atresia and the other was since the child was premature, so the surgeon had to be extra careful with the surgery. This was particularly the first case, where such situation took place and surgery had performed on a premature baby, there were similar operations too but the other babies were born full-term”, says Dr. Mohan Kulahari, Sr. Consultant ENT, Fortis Escort Hospital Jaipur.
Premature birth is a birth that takes place more than three weeks before the baby is due. In other words, premature birth is one that occurs before the start of the 37th week of pregnancy. Normally, a pregnancy usually lasts about 40 weeks. Premature birth gives the baby less time to develop in the womb. Premature babies, especially those born earliest, often have complicated medical problems.
Choanal atresia is a congenital narrowing of the back of the nasal cavity that causes difficulty breathing. It is a condition caused by an abnormality in the Bucco-nasal membrane, an embryonic structure that closes the choana and separates the olfactory organ from the oral cavity and affects 1 child in every 8000 live birth.
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