Neonatal or pediatric heart surgery means the surgery of the heart done in infants to treat the heart problems which are present at the time of birth. The heart diseases or conditions present at the time of birth are also known as congenital heart diseases. These diseases usually affects the blood vessels, heart valves, and the heart walls. There are various types of heart problems, which can occur in the neonates, and these can be minor or severe. The heart defects may occur inside the heart or outside the heart in large blood vessels. Sometimes, the infant requires surgery immediately after birth but in some cases, the doctors advises to wait for some time (a few months or years) before performing the surgery.
Neonatal heart surgery is generally of two types:
- Open-heart surgery
- Closed-heart surgery