Sperm donation is a process that involves collecting the semen and giving or donating it. Semen is the fluid or thick liquid which is released during ejaculation. This is a procedure to assist the couple or an individual to conceive a baby. When these sperms are collected, they are stored in a special environment and then when required, inseminated into the female's reproductive organs. This process is also known as intrauterine insemination. If the sperm donation is used for the fertilization of the matured eggs in the laboratory, then the process is known as in vitro fertilization. The man who is a sperm donor can be anonymous or known to the recipient. If the donation of the sperms is done by a person known to the recipient then it is called directed donations. The man who donates sperms has to go through a complete medical check-up in order to screen for any risks or problems before donating the sperms. It is very important for a person to know the possible psychological, emotional and legal issues of the process of sperm donation.