All Medical Procedures

Dermabrasion is a skin-resurfacing procedure that uses a rapidly rotating device to sand the outer layers of skin. After dermabrasion, the skin that grows back is usually smoother and younger looking.

Dermabrasion can decrease the appearance of fine facial lines and improve the look of scars, such as those caused by acne. Dermabrasion can be done alone or in combination with other cosmetic procedures.

During dermabrasion, your skin will be numbed with anesthetics. You might also have the option of taking a sedative or using general anesthesia, depending on the extent of your treatment.

Skin treated with dermabrasion will be sensitive and bright pink for several weeks. The pinkness will likely take about three months to fade.

The diaphragm is a birth control (contraceptive) device that helps prevent sperm from entering the uterus. The diaphragm is a small, reusable rubber or silicone cup with a flexible rim that covers the cervix.

Before sex, the diaphragm is inserted deep into the vagina so that part of the rim fits snugly behind the pubic bone. The diaphragm is most effective at preventing pregnancy when used with spermicide.

Dilation and curettage (D&C) is a procedure to remove tissue from inside your uterus. Doctors perform dilation and curettage to diagnose and treat certain uterine conditions — such as heavy bleeding — or to clear the uterine lining after a miscarriage or abortion.

In a dilation and curettage — sometimes spelled "dilatation" and curettage — your doctor uses small instruments or a medication to open (dilate) your cervix — the lower, narrow part of your uterus. Your doctor then uses a surgical instrument called a curette to remove uterine tissue. Curettes used in a D&C can be sharp or use suction.

A discogram, or diskogram, is a test used to evaluate back pain. A discogram may help your doctor determine if an abnormal disk in your spine is causing your back pain.

Spinal disks look a little like jelly doughnuts, with a tough outer layer and a gel-like substance inside. Disks act as cushions between the bones in your spine.

During a discogram, dye is injected into the soft center of the disk. The injection itself sometimes reproduces your back pain. Several disks may be injected to try to pinpoint the cause of your back pain.

The dye also moves into any cracks in the disk's exterior, which can then be seen on an X-ray or CT scan. However, disks that show signs of wear and tear don't always cause symptoms, so the usefulness of a discogram is controversial.

Diskectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the damaged portion of a herniated disk in your spine. A herniated disk can irritate or compress nearby nerves and cause pain, numbness or weakness. These symptoms can affect your neck or back or may radiate down your arms or legs.

Diskectomy works best on radiating symptoms. It's less helpful for actual back pain or neck pain. Most people who have back pain or neck pain find relief with more-conservative treatments, such as pain medications or physical therapy.

Your doctor may suggest diskectomy if conservative, nonsurgical treatments haven't worked or if your symptoms worsen. There are several ways to perform a diskectomy. Many surgeons now prefer minimally invasive diskectomy, which uses small incisions and a tiny video camera for viewing.

An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test that detects electrical activity in your brain using small, flat metal discs (electrodes) attached to your scalp. Your brain cells communicate via electrical impulses and are active all the time, even when you're asleep. This activity shows up as wavy lines on an EEG recording.

An EEG is one of the main diagnostic tests for epilepsy. An EEG may also play a role in diagnosing other brain disorders.

Ear tubes (tympanostomy tubes, ventilation tubes, pressure equalization tubes) are tiny cylinders, usually made of plastic or metal, that are surgically inserted into the eardrum. An ear tube creates an airway that ventilates the middle ear and prevents the accumulation of fluids behind the eardrum.

Ear tubes are often recommended for children who have persistent fluid buildup behind the eardrum, especially if the condition causes hearing loss and affects speech development. Your child's doctor may also recommend ear tubes if your child gets frequent ear infections.

Most ear tubes fall out within six to 12 months, and the holes heal shut on their own. Some tubes need to be removed, and some holes may need to be closed surgically.

An echocardiogram is a type of ultrasound test which produces images of the heart valves and heart muscles. This test assists the doctor to examine the proper function of the heart by recording the heart beats. The images produced by the echocardiogram are live and can be further used to detect any heart abnormalities in the heart valves and muscles. Also, the quality of the pictures produced by this test is more enhanced than the X-ray. Echocardiogram also helps in recording the pumping of the heart. Echocardiogram or Echo, when used with Doppler ultrasound and color doppler assists in monitoring the blood flow carefully across the valves of the heart. An echocardiogram is a very safe and painless procedure as it does not exposes the patient to any kind of harmful radiations. Instead, it uses sound waves to create images of various structures of the heart with the help of a small probe called transducer.

Egg freezing is a process to preserve the reproductive potentials of a woman. The egg freezing process is also called oocyte cryopreservation. In this method, the eggs of the woman are harvested from the ovaries, and are frozen when unfertilized and stored to be used later. Egg freezing is also combined with the in vitro fertilization. The fertilized egg is then implanted in the woman’s uterus.

The procedure of egg freezing can be expensive.

The doctor helps to provide all the information about the Egg freezing procedure to the woman in detail, including the benefits and risks, and also assesses if the procedure is good for the woman.

An electrocardiogram is a noninvasive and safe procedure to monitor the electrical signals in the heart. Every time the heart beats, an electrical impulse moves through the heart. This electric impulse is generated by some special cells in the right upper heart chamber. Electrocardiogram, which is also known an EKG or ECG, helps to record the electrical impulse as they move through the heart. An electrocardiogram is advised, in order to help the doctor understand the irregularities in the rhythms or patterns of the heartbeat in a patient's heart. This further helps in detecting various abnormalities or heart problems. Electrocardiogram is a short and safe procedure and the patient can get the report on the same day, when the ECG procedure is performed. In this procedure, the electrodes or the test sensors are used to record the patterns of the heartbeat.

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