Fortis Hospital Shalimar Bagh conducted a successful corrective surgery for oesophageal atresia in a nine month old female infant. The surgical procedure followed was a total laparoscopic approach. The surgical team was headed by Dr Amit Javed, Consultant and Head, G.I Surgery, Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh and Dr Anju Gambhir, Sr. Consultant, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Fortis Hospital Shalimar Bagh.
The infant, baby Simran, (name changed) presented to Dr. Amit Javed and Dr. Anju Gambhir with a food pipe that ended as a blind pouch. There was a gap which indicated that the oesophagus was incomplete. This condition is called the Oesophageal atresia and is caused by an aberrant embryological development of the oesophagus. In this medical condition the food pipe is completely or partially absent. The upper food pipe ends and does not connect with the lower food pipe and the stomach. This condition is usually detected in a new born with excessive salivation (drooling) that is frequently accompanied with choking, and coughing. When fed the usual way through the mouth, the baby swallows normally but struggles consequently as the feed returns from the nose or the mouth.
The risks in this condition are that the baby can turn cyanotic (blue) as the fluid may go into the trachea or the wind pipe. The surgical treatment for correction of this condition depends on how big the defect is. In the smaller defects the two blind ends of the food pipe are brought together and sutured. For larger gaps, a new food pipe is constructed.
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