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WORLD BRAIN TUMOUR DAY

Date : July 07, 2021

Mohali, June 7, 2021: World Brain Tumour Day falls on 8th June, every year. To commemorate brain tumour survivors and raise awareness about the neurological disorder, doctors at Fortis Hospital in Mohali have emphasized that it is paramount to understand the disease, the early warning signs and its treatment options.

More than 28,000 cases of brain tumours are reported in India each year, according to a report issued by the International Association of Cancer Registries (IARC). The term was coined by the German Brain Tumour Association in 2000.

Giving an insight into the disease, Dr Anupam Jindal, Additional Director, Neurosurgery, Fortis Hospital, Mohali, said, “Brain Tumour is a lump in the brain caused by uncontrolled growth of cells, disrupting the brain function. These are primarily of two types – malignant and benign.”

Dr Jindal further said, “Based on their severity, brain tumours are characterised under Grade I, Grade II, Grade III and Grade IV – the latter being the most harmful. These tumours can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated early.”

Elaborating that extensive research has been carried out to determine the exact cause of the disease, Dr Jindal, said, “The primary factors include age, gender, hereditary or genetic, radiation therapy, CT scans, exposure to chemicals and allergens, obesity, head injuries or trauma.” He further said people need to be educated about the disease so that they are better equipped to deal with it.

Discussing the symptoms of brain tumour, Dr Jindal, said, “The key symptoms include persistent headaches, nausea and vomiting in the morning, seizures, fatigue, drowsiness, memory loss, difficulty in walking, and speech discrepancies.” Dr Jindal advises immediate medical intervention if one experiences these symptoms as early diagnosis increases chances for a successful treatment.

Shedding light on several treatment options, Dr Jindal, said, “Neuronavigation is the latest computer-assisted technique being used at Fortis Hospital, Mohali. Patients are treated with an Advanced Neuro operating 3 D microscope.”

Dr Jindal, who conducted nearly 131 neurosurgeries at Fortis Hospital last year, said, “Computer-assisted Neuronavigation allows surgeons to navigate inside the skull with the help of specialized computers that process the scans of the affected area in the brain and convert them to three-dimensional images. It also consists of an infrared dual camera system that tracks the surgeon’s instruments during surgery and displays their position. In case of a tumour, we are able to pinpoint the exact location of the growth and excise it with precision, reducing the harm to normal nerves and tissues nearby.”

Discussing other therapies such as surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, Dr Jindal, added, “Treatment depends on the size and type of the tumour, its growth rate, brain location, risks of a particular treatment, other medical problems afflicting the patient and general health.”

As many as 500 tumour neurosurgeries were conducted at Fortis Hospital, Mohali, last year.

WHAT IS BRAIN TUMOUR

Brain Tumour is a lump in the brain caused by uncontrolled growth of cells, disrupting the brain function. These are primarily of two types – malignant and benign.

CAUSES

Age & Gender: The risk of getting brain tumours becomes greater as your age increases. Women have a higher incidence rate of cancer compared to men.

Hereditary: Some brain tumours are genetically inherited. However, this occurrence is rare.

Radio Therapy/ CT Scan: People who have been exposed to radiation, primarily ionizing radiation, are at an increased risk of developing a tumour.

Exposure to Chemicals: Exposing oneself to pesticides, oil products, rubber or vinyl chloride.

Head injury: Head trauma also poses the risk of brain tumour.

Obesity: Being overweight or obese could invite health problems in future.

Exposure to certain infections: Exposure to infections, viruses, and allergens increases the risk of developing brain tumour. Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) increases the risk of CNS lymphoma.

SYMPTOMS

The key symptoms include persistent headaches, nausea and vomiting in the morning, seizures, fatigue, drowsiness, memory loss, difficulty in walking, and speech discrepancies.

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