Colectomy is a surgical procedure to remove a part or all of the colon. The colon is known as the large intestine. It is a large, hollow tube-like organ, present at the end of the digestive tract. Colectomy is advised in order to treat and prevent any conditions or diseases affecting the large intestine or colon.
The different types of colectomy surgeries are as mentioned:
- Total colectomy – It is a form of colectomy which involves the removal of the entire colon from the patient’s body.
- Partial colectomy – This type of colectomy procedure involves the removal of only an affected portion of the colon. This is also known as a subtotal colectomy.
- Hemicolectomy – This type of surgical procedure of colectomy involves the removal of either right or left part of the colon.
- Proctocolectomy - This form of colectomy involves the removal of both of the affected rectum and the colon of the patient.
After the surgical procedure of colectomy, the remaining parts of the digestive tract are attached together to eliminate waste from the body. This further involves another surgical procedure.