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Arrhythmias
Cardiac Sciences

Understanding Arrhythmias: When the Heart's Rhythm Goes Astray

Dr. Rohit Goel Jan 12, 2024

The human heart is a finely tuned orchestration of rhythmic beats that propel life-sustaining blood throughout the body. However, when the heart's rhythm goes astray, it can give rise to a condition known as arrhythmia. This disruption in the normal heartbeat can have serious implications for cardiovascular health, affecting millions of individuals worldwide.

Defining Arrhythmias:

Arrhythmias encompass a range of irregularities in the heart's rhythm, from a too-slow heartbeat (bradycardia) to a too-fast heartbeat (tachycardia) or erratic beats. According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 2% of the global population suffers from clinically significant arrhythmias.

Types of Arrhythmias:

Understanding the various types of arrhythmias is crucial for both patients and healthcare providers. Common forms include atrial fibrillation (AFib), ventricular tachycardia, and atrial flutter. Each type presents unique challenges and requires tailored approaches to diagnosis and management.

Real-life Impact:

Consider the case of Maya, a 56-year-old woman from Bangalore, India, who experienced palpitations and fatigue. Upon consultation with a cardiologist, she was diagnosed with atrial fibrillation. This real-life example illustrates the importance of timely detection and intervention in managing arrhythmias.

Facts and Figures:

Globally, atrial fibrillation is one of the most prevalent arrhythmias, affecting over 33 million people. The risk of stroke is five times higher in individuals with AFib compared to those with a regular heartbeat. Ventricular arrhythmias, though less common, can be life-threatening and contribute to sudden cardiac arrest.

Diagnostic Techniques:

Modern medical technology plays a pivotal role in diagnosing arrhythmias. Electrocardiograms (ECGs), Holter monitors, and implantable devices such as pacemakers and defibrillators assist healthcare professionals in identifying irregular heart rhythms. These tools enable precise diagnosis and inform treatment plans tailored to each patient's unique needs.

Treatment Approaches:

Arrhythmia management varies depending on the type and severity. Medications, lifestyle modifications, and surgical interventions, including ablation procedures and the implantation of cardiac devices, are common strategies. Personalized treatment plans are crafted based on factors such as the type of arrhythmia, its impact on the patient's quality of life, and associated risk factors.

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Dr. Rohit Goel
CONSULTANT CARDIOLOGY | Fortis Gurgaon
  • Cardiac Sciences | Interventional Cardiology
  • Date 11 Years
  • INR 1200

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