Labor induction is the process of inducing labor artificially in the pregnant woman, in order to deliver a baby. This is a procedure done by simulating uterine contractions, before the labor starts naturally. Labor induction is a process used to speed up the labor process sometimes or initiate the labor, and performed mostly in the cases when the doctor is concerned about the health of the fetus or the mother, when she is overdue for delivery. There are various methods which help in inducing labor. Some of the prominent methods are listed below.
- By rupturing the membranes – There is a water-like substance known as Amniotic fluid present around the fetus, cushioning it. This amniotic fluid consists of various membranes and tissues layers. In order to induce labor, the membranes in the amniotic fluid are ruptured to induce labor, and the process is also commonly known as breaking of the water bags.
- By using Prostaglandins – These are hormones in the form of medicines which help in making the cervix of the pregnant woman soft, ripe and then, start labor or uterine contractions. In this procedure, the prostaglandin is placed in the vagina or cervix. During the process, the heart rate of the fetus is continuously monitored.
- By using Oxytocin or Pitocin – Oxytocin is an intravenous medicine placed in the pregnant woman’s vagina to either induce labor or make the contractions stronger.