All Medical Procedures

Brachytherapy (brak-e-THER-uh-pee) is a procedure that involves placing radioactive material inside your body.

Brachytherapy is one type of radiation therapy that's used to treat cancer. Brachytherapy is sometimes called internal radiation.

Brachytherapy allows doctors to deliver higher doses of radiation to more-specific areas of the body, compared with the conventional form of radiation therapy (external beam radiation) that projects radiation from a machine outside of your body.

Brachytherapy may cause fewer side effects than does external beam radiation, and the overall treatment time is usually shorter with brachytherapy.

A breast self-exam for breast awareness is an inspection of your breasts that you do on your own. To help increase your breast awareness, you use your eyes and hands to observe the look and feel of your breasts.

If you notice new breast changes, discuss these with your doctor. Though most breast changes detected during a breast self-exam have benign causes, some changes may signal something serious, such as breast cancer.

Most medical organizations don't recommend routine breast self-exams as a part of breast cancer screening. That's because breast self-exams haven't been shown to be effective in detecting cancer or improving survival for women who have breast cancer.

Still, doctors believe there is value in women being familiar with their own breasts, so they understand what's normal and promptly report changes.

CT coronary angiogram is an effective imaging test used to identify the plaque depositions in the arteries associated with the heart. This imaging test does not use any type of catheter insertion to the heart. Instead, the CT coronary angiogram uses the powerful X-ray equipment to produce pictures of the blood vessels and the heart. This technique is very safe and noninvasive, and hence, it does not require any recovery time. CT coronary angiogram is a very effective way to identify various heart problems at an early stage. This technique is useful, especially, to diagnose atherosclerosis, even before any symptoms are observed.

The coronary angiogram and CT coronary angiogram, both expose the patient to some radiations. However, if a patient has a coronary artery disorder, then coronary angiogram is the better technique to go with. If needed, the doctor may also perform an angioplasty during the coronary angiogram test to avoid an additional procedure.

CT-Scan is a Computed Tomography Scan used by the doctors to look at the normal or abnormal body parts of the patient’s body. It involves a combination of X-rays, which produce various detailed and sliced (Cross-sectional) images of the body organs, bones, and tissues. These images created by the X-rays can be seen on the monitor and the images captured are known as tomogram. CT-Scan produces more detailed pictures as compared to an X-ray test. There are many types of CT-Scans done for different parts of the body like:

  • Head or cranial CT-Scan
  • CT paranasal sinuses
  • Abdominal and pelvis CT-Scan
  • Chest CT-Scan
  • Thoracic, cervical and lumbosacral spine CT-Scan
  • CT angiographies such as cardiac, pulmonary, upper and lower limbs as well as neck vessels
  • CT enterography

Sometimes, CT-Scans are performed using a dye or a contrast that is administered into the patient and this further helps in outlining the body organs properly to have a detailed analysis of the patient's problem. CT-Scans are painless and assist in creating a very detailed picture.

Cardiac catheterization is a procedure used to diagnose and treat cardiovascular conditions. During cardiac catheterization, a long thin tube called a catheter is inserted in an artery or vein in your groin, neck or arm and threaded through your blood vessels to your heart. Using this catheter, doctors can then do diagnostic tests as part of a cardiac catheterization. Some heart disease treatments, such as coronary angioplasty, also are done using cardiac catheterization.

Usually, you'll be awake during cardiac catheterization, but given medications to help you relax. Recovery time for a cardiac catheterization is quick, and there's a low risk of complications.

Carotid angioplasty (kuh-ROT-id AN-jee-o-plas-tee) is a procedure that opens clogged arteries to prevent or treat stroke. The carotid arteries are located on each side of your neck and are the main arteries supplying blood to your brain. The procedure involves temporarily inserting and inflating a tiny balloon where your carotid artery is clogged to widen the artery.

Carotid angioplasty is often combined with the placement of a small metal coil called a stent in the clogged artery. The stent helps prop the artery open and decreases the chance of it narrowing again. Carotid angioplasty and stenting may be used when traditional carotid surgery isn't feasible or is too risky.

A chemical peel is a skin-resurfacing procedure in which a chemical solution is applied to skin to peel away the top layers. The skin that grows back after a chemical peel is smoother and younger looking.

Chemical peels are used to treat wrinkles, skin discoloration and scars — typically on the face. A chemical peel can be done alone or in combination with other cosmetic procedures.

Chemical peels can be done at different depths — light, medium or deep — depending on your desired results. Each type of chemical peel uses a different chemical solution. Deeper chemical peels produce more-dramatic results, but also involve longer recovery times.

Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses powerful chemicals to kill fast-growing cells in your body. Chemotherapy is most often used to treat cancer, since cancer cells grow and multiply much more quickly than most cells in the body. Many different chemotherapy drugs are available. Chemotherapy drugs can be used alone or in combination to treat a wide variety of cancers. Though chemotherapy is an effective way to treat many types of cancer, chemotherapy treatment also carries a risk of side effects. Some chemotherapy side effects are mild and treatable, while others can cause serious complications.

Chemotherapy for breast cancer uses powerful drugs to target and destroy breast cancer cells. Chemotherapy for breast cancer frequently is used with other treatments, such as surgery, radiation or hormonal therapy. Combining chemotherapy for breast cancer with other treatments may increase the chance of a cure or decrease the risk of the cancer returning.

If the cancer has recurred or spread, chemotherapy for breast cancer may control the cancer to help you live longer. Or it can help ease symptoms the cancer is causing.

But chemotherapy for breast cancer also carries a risk of side effects — some temporary and mild, others more serious or permanent. Your doctor can help you decide whether chemotherapy for breast cancer is a good choice for you.

Chest X-ray is a very commonly used imaging technique that produces images of the body structures especially bones and soft tissues. In this technique, an X-ray beam passes through the body and gets absorbed in multiple body structures depending upon their density. A chest X-ray helps to see and produce images of the following body structures and problems associated with them:

  • Lungs
  • Heart
  • Vasculature
  • Rib cage and various other bones of the chest and spine.
  • Airways

Metals and Bones are the most dense structures in the human body. Bones and metal present in the body appear to be white in an X-ray. Muscles and fat appear in different shades of grey.  The air in the lungs of the human body appears to be black in color.

Chest X-ray is a type of electromagnetic radiation similar to visible light. These radiations when captured form an image on the X-ray film or the monitor. The image hence formed helps the doctor to locate the affected area in the patient’s body.

In case of a chest pain, shortness of breath or chest injury, the doctor may advise to get a chest X-ray done. This helps the doctor to locate fractures, abnormalities in heart or lungs, and multiple other abnormalities.


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