All Medical Procedures

Labor induction is the process of inducing labor artificially in the pregnant woman, in order to deliver a baby. This is a procedure done by simulating uterine contractions, before the labor starts naturally. Labor induction is a process used to speed up the labor process sometimes or initiate the labor, and performed mostly in the cases when the doctor is concerned about the health of the fetus or the mother, when she is overdue for delivery. There are various methods which help in inducing labor. Some of the prominent methods are listed below.

  • By rupturing the membranes – There is a water-like substance known as Amniotic fluid present around the fetus, cushioning it. This amniotic fluid consists of various membranes and tissues layers. In order to induce labor, the membranes in the amniotic fluid are ruptured to induce labor, and the process is also commonly known as breaking of the water bags.
  • By using Prostaglandins – These are hormones in the form of medicines which help in making the cervix of the pregnant woman soft, ripe and then, start labor or uterine contractions. In this procedure, the prostaglandin is placed in the vagina or cervix. During the process, the heart rate of the fetus is continuously monitored.

  • By using Oxytocin or Pitocin – Oxytocin is an intravenous medicine placed in the pregnant woman’s vagina to either induce labor or make the contractions stronger.

Laminectomy is surgery that creates space by removing the lamina — the back part of the vertebra that covers your spinal canal. Also known as decompression surgery, laminectomy enlarges your spinal canal to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.

This pressure is most commonly caused by bony overgrowths within the spinal canal, which can occur in people who have arthritis in their spines.

Laminectomy is generally used only when more-conservative treatments — such as medication, physical therapy or injections — have failed to relieve symptoms. Laminectomy may also be recommended if symptoms are severe or worsening dramatically.

Laser hair removal is a cosmetic cum medical procedure that is performed by a laser, which is a pulsating, intense beam of light, to remove the unwanted hair growth. During the procedure of laser hair removal, a laser beam passes through the skin into every hair follicle. This intense beam of light produces immense heat that destroys the hair follicle. This procedure prevents hair growth in the future. The technique of laser hair removal is very effective in people having dark hair and light skin. This procedure of hair removal does not stop the hair growth permanently but only slows it down very effectively. It takes multiple lasers hair removal sessions to reach an extended complete hair-free state. Even at this stage, periodic sessions of treatment may be required. Laser hair removal procedure is a non-invasive technique to get rid of unwanted hair growth.

Lumpectomy is a surgical procedure done to remove cancer cells and other affected tissues from the breast. Lumpectomy is also known as breast-conserving surgery, wide local excision or partial mastectomy. In this surgery, only a small portion of the affected breast is removed. Sometimes, doctors may advise lumpectomy as an excisional biopsy procedure. In this surgery, while the doctors remove the affected lump, they also take some part of the surrounding normal or healthy tissue just to ensure that all the affected cells are removed. Lumpectomy is a very useful and effective surgical procedure as it assists in detecting cancer cells at an early stage. It is usually the first choice of treatment in many breast cancer cases. If the cancer cells are further detected after lumpectomy, the procedure of lumpectomy is followed by radiation therapy, in order to prevent the recurrence of the cancer cells. The lumpectomy is usually performed on a solid mass of breast, to detect its malignancy.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a technique that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the organs and tissues within your body.

Most MRI machines are large, tube-shaped magnets. When you lie inside an MRI machine, the magnetic field temporarily realigns hydrogen atoms in your body. Radio waves cause these aligned atoms to produce very faint signals, which are used to create cross-sectional MRI images — like slices in a loaf of bread.

The MRI machine can also be used to produce 3-D images that may be viewed from many different angles.

A mammogram is an X-ray image of the breast. It is a very common imaging technique and is done by a device that consists of two firm surfaces, which compress and spreads out the breast. Then the breast images are captured from two different angles in black and white color and displayed on the monitor for the doctor to examine any abnormalities. The set of pictures captured for each breast is known as Mammogram. The test plays a very important role in diagnosing breast cancers at an early stage and hence, reducing the number of death due to breast cancers. It is also helpful in examining any abnormal lumps or growths in the breast tissue. In this technique of screening, the breasts are X-rayed from one side to the other and from top to bottom. However, in a diagnostic mammogram, the focus is on the abnormal tissue or on a particular lump.

Marriage counselling comprises of psychotherapy sessions with couples as well as their families, aimed at resolving interpersonal conflicts and marital disputes.

Mastectomy is a surgical procedure performed to treat breast cancer by removing all the breast tissues from the breast. If the cancer cells have spread to a large area in the breast, then mastectomy is done. However, if the cancer cells have affected a small portion in the breast, then another surgical procedure known as lumpectomy is performed. Lumpectomy is known as breast-conserving surgery, wide local excision or partial mastectomy. In this surgery, only a small portion of the affected breast is removed. Both the surgical procedures are effective in preventing the return of cancer cells (recurrence). However, lumpectomy cannot be preferred in all cases as it is useful in cases where the cancer cells have not spread to a large area in the breast. Mastectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the breast entirely, however, with the new technologies in mastectomy, breast skin can be preserved, thereby conserving the aesthetics or appearance of the breast. This new technique is known as a skin-sparing mastectomy. There is another technique known as breast reconstruction, which is done either along with or after the mastectomy surgery. The breast reconstruction is used to restore the breast shape, which helps in conserving the appearance of the breast.

The surgical removal of leiomyomas (fibroids present in the uterus) is known as myomectomy. These fibroids are non-cancerous in nature and are most commonly seen in the uterus. These usually occur in the childbearing years, however, may also occur at any other age as well. The main purpose of the myomectomy procedure is to remove the fibroid from the patient’s body and then restore the uterus. There is another procedure known as hysterectomy which involves the removal of the whole uterus, but in myomectomy, only the fibroids are removed and the uterus remains intact. After the myomectomy procedure, the patients is relieved from the pain, uterine pressure, frequent urination, and heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle.

Neonatal or pediatric heart surgery means the surgery of the heart done in infants to treat the heart problems which are present at the time of birth. The heart diseases or conditions present at the time of birth are also known as congenital heart diseases. These diseases usually affects the blood vessels, heart valves, and the heart walls. There are various types of heart problems, which can occur in the neonates, and these can be minor or severe. The heart defects may occur inside the heart or outside the heart in large blood vessels. Sometimes, the infant requires surgery immediately after birth but in some cases, the doctors advises to wait for some time (a few months or years) before performing the surgery.

Neonatal heart surgery is generally of two types:

  1. Open-heart surgery
  2. Closed-heart surgery

 

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