All Medical Procedures

Although an abdominal ultrasound can be done to check for a number of conditions, it can be used to screen for an abdominal aortic aneurysm. An abdominal aortic aneurysm is a weakened, bulging spot in your abdominal aorta, the artery that runs through the middle of your abdomen and supplies blood to the lower half of your body.

An abdominal ultrasound can also be used to check for other diseases that affect your kidneys, liver, gallbladder and pancreas.

An abdominal ultrasound to screen for an abdominal aortic aneurysm is recommended for men ages 65 to 75 who are current or former cigarette smokers. Having an abdominal ultrasound to screen for an aortic aneurysm isn't specifically recommended for men who have never smoked, nor women, unless your doctor suspects you may have an aneurysm.

Active surveillance is also known as watchful waiting. It is the examination and close monitoring of the signs of prostate cancer or any progression in cancer. Prostate cancer is a cancer in walnut-sized Prostate Gland present only in men. It is one of the common cancers to occur in men. During the active surveillance stage, no treatment is advised to the patient and the physician and the patient are just waiting and watching carefully. No treatment in this stage means no medicines, surgery, or radiations to be involved. Regular tests like Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) blood tests or prostate biopsies (yearly) are done to monitor any signs of growth of prostate cancer.

Active surveillance for prostate cancer is usually preferred when the cancer size is small and is growing at a very slow pace. This is also preferred when the cancer is restricted to one part of the prostate and not showing any remarkable signs and symptoms of worsening.

A barium enema is an X-ray exam that can detect changes or abnormalities in the large intestine (colon). The procedure is also called a colon X-ray.

An enema is the injection of a liquid into your rectum through a small tube. In this case, the liquid contains a metallic substance (barium) that coats the lining of the colon. Normally, an X-ray produces a poor image of soft tissues, but the barium coating results in a relatively clear silhouette of the colon.

During a barium enema exam, air may be pumped into the colon. The air expands the colon and improves the quality of images. This is called an air-contrast (double-contrast) barium enema.

Before a barium enema, your doctor will instruct you to completely empty your colon.

A bone density test determines if you have osteoporosis — a disease that causes bones to become more fragile and more likely to break.

In the past, osteoporosis could be detected only after you broke a bone. By that time, however, your bones could be quite weak. A bone density test enhances the accuracy of calculating your risk of breaking bones.

A bone density test uses X-rays to measure how many grams of calcium and other bone minerals are packed into a segment of bone. The bones that are most commonly tested are in the spine, hip and forearm.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast — or breast MRI — is a test used to detect breast cancer and other abnormalities in the breast.

A breast MRI captures multiple images of your breast. Breast MRI images are combined, using a computer, to generate detailed pictures.

Breast MRI usually is performed after you have a biopsy that's positive for cancer, and your doctor needs more information about the extent of the disease. In certain situations, such as for women with high risk of breast cancer, breast MRI may be used with mammograms as a screening tool for detecting breast cancer.

CT-Scan is a Computed Tomography Scan used by the doctors to look at the normal or abnormal body parts of the patient’s body. It involves a combination of X-rays, which produce various detailed and sliced (Cross-sectional) images of the body organs, bones, and tissues. These images created by the X-rays can be seen on the monitor and the images captured are known as tomogram. CT-Scan produces more detailed pictures as compared to an X-ray test. There are many types of CT-Scans done for different parts of the body like:

  • Head or cranial CT-Scan
  • CT paranasal sinuses
  • Abdominal and pelvis CT-Scan
  • Chest CT-Scan
  • Thoracic, cervical and lumbosacral spine CT-Scan
  • CT angiographies such as cardiac, pulmonary, upper and lower limbs as well as neck vessels
  • CT enterography

Sometimes, CT-Scans are performed using a dye or a contrast that is administered into the patient and this further helps in outlining the body organs properly to have a detailed analysis of the patient's problem. CT-Scans are painless and assist in creating a very detailed picture.

Carotid (kuh-ROT-id) ultrasound is a safe, painless procedure that uses sound waves to examine the structure and function of the carotid arteries in your neck.

Your two carotid arteries are located on each side of your neck. Carotid arteries deliver blood from your heart to your brain.

Carotid ultrasound is usually used to test for blocked or narrowed carotid arteries, which can indicate an increased risk of stroke. Results from a carotid ultrasound can help your doctor determine what kind of treatment you may need to lower your risk of stroke.

Chest X-ray is a very commonly used imaging technique that produces images of the body structures especially bones and soft tissues. In this technique, an X-ray beam passes through the body and gets absorbed in multiple body structures depending upon their density. A chest X-ray helps to see and produce images of the following body structures and problems associated with them:

  • Lungs
  • Heart
  • Vasculature
  • Rib cage and various other bones of the chest and spine.
  • Airways

Metals and Bones are the most dense structures in the human body. Bones and metal present in the body appear to be white in an X-ray. Muscles and fat appear in different shades of grey.  The air in the lungs of the human body appears to be black in color.

Chest X-ray is a type of electromagnetic radiation similar to visible light. These radiations when captured form an image on the X-ray film or the monitor. The image hence formed helps the doctor to locate the affected area in the patient’s body.

In case of a chest pain, shortness of breath or chest injury, the doctor may advise to get a chest X-ray done. This helps the doctor to locate fractures, abnormalities in heart or lungs, and multiple other abnormalities.

A discogram, or diskogram, is a test used to evaluate back pain. A discogram may help your doctor determine if an abnormal disk in your spine is causing your back pain.

Spinal disks look a little like jelly doughnuts, with a tough outer layer and a gel-like substance inside. Disks act as cushions between the bones in your spine.

During a discogram, dye is injected into the soft center of the disk. The injection itself sometimes reproduces your back pain. Several disks may be injected to try to pinpoint the cause of your back pain.

The dye also moves into any cracks in the disk's exterior, which can then be seen on an X-ray or CT scan. However, disks that show signs of wear and tear don't always cause symptoms, so the usefulness of a discogram is controversial.

Fetal ultrasound is a prenatal ultrasound also known as Sonogram. It is an imaging technique which uses high- frequency sound waves, not audible to the human ear, that are transferred by the abdomen through a small device known as a transducer to see inside the abdomen. It is a safe way to examine the growth and development of the baby. As a result, it forms the images of the baby in the uterus. Ultrasound helps to show the images of the developing baby, ovaries, amniotic sac and placenta. It also detects for any birth abnormalities. Fetal ultrasound helps to understand the profile of the growing baby and assists in managing the pregnancy in cases of any genetic defects, if present. The family can plan accordingly whether to continue or terminate the pregnancy. This ultrasound is also used to know the exact gestational age of the unborn.

Fetal ultrasound is usually done during the first trimester and then again in the second trimester (18-20 weeks) usually when the amniotic images are properly visible. Ultrasound can be done frequently in order to keep monitoring the baby’s health.

There is another enhanced imaging technique known as Transvaginal ultrasound, which produces a more magnified image of the baby. In this procedure, the probe is inserted through the vagina. This ultrasound is done usually in the early period of pregnancy to look for any problem in the ovaries or uterus. It helps prevent the risk of early labor as the test can assess if there is any shortening of the cervix.


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