Kidney Stones: A Growing Problem
Dr. Rajinder Yadav Oct 11, 2023
Kidney stones is one of the most common kidney problems. Leaving them untreated can cause obstruction in the urine flow, leading to permanent damage of kidneys. Kidney stones are medically referred to as ‘renal calculi’. Kidney stones are nothing but hard deposits that form inside the kidneys when various chemicals present in the urine get disturbed. These chemicals precipitate to form crystals causing stones. Number, size and location of the kidney stones may generally vary. There can be more than one stone. They may be present in kidneys or ureter (tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder). Causes of stone formation 1. Low intake of water 2. High intake of salt and sugar 3. Dehydration due to exercise 4. Medicines, which are used to treat HIV infections 5. Diuretics 6. Certain inherited disease such as Hypercalciuria (high calcium in urine) 7. Cystineuria (High content of cystine) 8. Diseases such as gout and IBS Symptoms Patients with small stones may not show any symptoms. However, those with bigger stones in kidneys may show symptoms such as
- Difficulty in passing urine
- Pain in the lower abdomen that increases while passing the urine
- Blood in the urine
- Nausea or vomiting
- Lower the intake of salt and sugar.
- Avoid consumption of coffee and tea.
- Lemon and cranberry juices are a good bet.
- Avoid oxalate rich foods such as spinach and nuts if you have calcium oxalate kidney stones.
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